GA 032 Images © Freer Gallery of Art, Smithsonian Institution (Washington DC, US)

NT.VMR Doc ID 20032


late 4th-early 5th century CE

Ancient Greek

Institut für neutestamentliche Textforschung (Münster)



Codex Washingtonianus is an early codex formed of 187 leaves that include the four canonical Gospels. It has the western order: Matthew, John, Luke and finally Mark. Between verses 14 and 15, the manuscript records the freer logion (lines 9-24 in page 371). This tradition is not found anywhere else except in Jerome’s Against Pelagius 2.15 where he testified to its existence in “some exemplars and especially in Greek manuscripts of Mark.” Mina Monier, SNSF MARK16 project, SIB Lausanne (CH); © CC-BY 4.0